APJ Abdul Kalam Birth Anniversary: Born in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, on October 31, 1931, Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was an aerospace scientist who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007.
His vast experience as a scientist and science administrator included key roles in the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
He was mainly involved in India’s civilian space programme and military missile development efforts.
His acumen in the field of ballistic missile technology earned him the epithet, Missile Man of India.
Kalam played an important organizational, technical and political role in the Pokhran-II nuclear tests of 1998, the first since the original nuclear test in 1974.