Understanding Cervical Cancer – Types , Risk factors and Symptoms
Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix . Cervix is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina.
Cervical cancer begins when healthy cells acquire a genetic change (mutation) that causes them to turn into abnormal cells. Various strains of the human papilloma virus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection, play a vital role in causing cervical cancer.
Types of Cervical Cancer
There are two types of Cervical Cancer :
Squamous cell carcinoma – This kind of cervical cancer begins in the thin and flat cells lining the outer part of the cervix, which projects into the vagina. Most of the cervical cancers are Squamous cell carcinoma.
Adeno cell carcinoma: This kind of cervical cancer begins in the column-shaped glandular cells that line in the cervical canal.
Risk Factors of Cervical Cancer –
A diet low in fruits and vegetables
Having sex at an early age increases more risk of HPV.
The greater your number of sexual partner, the more is chance of acquiring HPV
Having other sexually transmitted infections (STIs STIs — such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis increases the risk of HPV.
Weakened immune system is more likely to develop cervical cancer
Smoking – Smoking prevent the body’s immune system from effectively fighting HPV and is associated with squamous cell cervical cancer.
What are the symptoms of Cervical Cancer?
In the early stages, a person may experience no symptoms at all. The most common symptoms of cervical cancer are:
- Bleeding between periods or after menopause
- Bleeding after sexual intercourse
- Discomfort during sexual intercourse
- Vaginal discharge with a strong odor
- Vaginal discharge tinged with blood
- Pelvic pain