The World Malaria Report (WMR) 2020 released by the World Health Organisation (WHO), which gives the estimated cases for malaria across the world. India has made considerable progress in reducing its malaria burden.
India is the only high endemic country that has reported a decline of 17.6 percent in 2019 as compared to 2018. The Annual Parasitic Incidence (API) reduced by 27.6 percent in 2018 compared to 2017 and by 18.4 percent in 2019 as compared to 2018. India has sustained API less than one since the year 2012.
As per WHO’s World Malaria Report (WMR) 2020, India has also contributed to the largest drop in cases region-wide, from approximately 20 million to about 6 million.
The percentage drop in the malaria cases was 71.8 percent and deaths were 73.9 percent between 2000 to 2019.
India achieved a reduction of 83.34 percent in malaria morbidity and 92 percent in malaria mortality between the year 2000 (20,31,790 cases, 932 deaths) and 2019 (3,38,494 cases, 77 deaths), thereby achieving Goal 6 of the Millennium Development Goals (50-75% decrease in case incidence between 2000 and 2019).
The decrease in the incidence of Malaria cases in India is also exhibited in the year-on-year tally. The cases and fatalities have declined significantly by 21.27 percent and 20 percent in the year 2019 (3,38,494 cases, 77 deaths) as compared to 2018 (4,29,928 cases, 96 deaths).
The total number of malaria cases reported in 2020, till October, (1,57,284) has further decreased by 45.02 percent as compared to the corresponding period of 2019 (2,86,091).