PTC News Desk: Mycoplasma pneumoniae, the bacteria linked to the recent surge in cases of respiratory illness (pneumonia) among children in China, has been detected in seven samples taken between April and September of this year by AIIMS in Delhi.
According to a report published in 'Lancet Microbe,' one case was detected through a PCR test performed early in the infection and six cases were detected through an IgM Elisa test performed later in the infection.
According to the report, the PCR and IgM Elisa test positivity rates were 3% and 16%, respectively.
AIIMS Delhi is part of a global consortium that is tracking the spread of Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
According to the Lancet report, case numbers in countries where M pneumoniae has resurfaced are comparable to pre-pandemic (endemic) levels. "The further development of re-emergence should be monitored to evaluate whether case numbers will escalate to epidemic levels or result in an exceptionally large wave of infections as was observed for the resurgence of other pathogens," according to the report.
The report further says that "The progression and severity of re-emergence are difficult to predict and whether it will lead to an increase in rare cases of severe disease and extrapulmonary manifestations because of the previously reduced exposure remains unknown."