Guru Arjan Dev Ji Shaheedi Diwas 2023: Checkout some facts about fifth Guru of Sikhism
Guru Arjan Dev Ji Shaheedi Diwas 2023: Guru Arjan Dev Ji (1563-1606) was the fifth Guru of Sikhism, who played a crucial role in shaping the Sikh religion.
Lets read some facts about Guru Arjan Dev Ji
Birth and Family: Guru Arjan Dev Ji was born on April 15, 1563, in Goindwal, Punjab. He was the youngest son of Guru Ram Das Ji, the fourth Guru of Sikhism, and Mata Bhani Ji. Guru Arjan Dev Ji's elder brother, Prithi Chand, opposed him and his succession as Guru.
Compilation of Adi Granth: One of Guru Arjan Dev Ji's most significant contributions was the compilation of Adi Granth, which later became Guru Granth Sahib—the holy scripture of Sikhism. He collected and organised the hymns of the previous Gurus, including those of his father, Guru Ram Das Ji. Guru Arjan Dev Ji himself composed several hymns, including beautiful devotional poetry.
Construction of Harmandir Sahib: Guru Arjan Dev Ji initiated the construction of Harmandir Sahib, popularly known as the Golden Temple, in Amritsar, Punjab. It was built on a lower level to symbolise equality and inclusivity, welcoming people from all walks of life. The foundation stone of the Harmandir Sahib was laid by a Muslim saint, Hazrat Mian Mir, signifying Guru Arjan Dev Ji's commitment to interfaith harmony.
Social Reforms: Guru Arjan Dev Ji encouraged and emphasised the importance of honest labour, hard work, and community service. He advocated for equality, charity, and selfless service to humanity. He established the concept of "langar," the community kitchen, where people from all backgrounds could sit together and share a meal as equals.
Martyrdom: Guru Arjan Dev Ji's unwavering commitment to his faith and his refusal to compromise his principles led to his martyrdom. He was subjected to severe torture and persecution under the orders of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir. On May 30, 1606, Guru Arjan Dev Ji was made to sit on a burning hot plate, and he attained martyrdom, becoming the first Sikh Guru to be martyred.
- PTC NEWS