Mission Chandrayaan-2: Nearly after 10 years of Chandrayaan-1, ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization)is all set to hit the lunar surface with the advanced and second mission “Chandrayaan-2”. Chandrayaan-2 will be India’s first ever space mission to conduct a soft landing on the moon’s south polar region after this India will rank fourth on the worldwide list of soft landers on the moon's surface.
Chandrayaan-2 is set to be launched on July 15 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre at Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh on-board GSLV Mk-III.
Why is this mission important?
After the success of Chandrayaan-1, the second lunar mission is set to be launched after the decade. While the Chandrayaan-1 helped in discovering the water molecules on the moon, Chandrayaan-2 mission will help India and the world gain a better understanding of the origin and evolution of the Moon by conducting detailed topographical studies, comprehensive mineralogical analyses, and a host of other experiments on the lunar surface.
Five facts that you should know about Chandrayaan-2:
- It will the first ever aircraft sent by India to explore the lunar terrain with home-grown technology.
- Will be the first Indian space mission to conduct the soft landing, making India the fourth ever country to do so.
- Will expand India’s footprints on the moon.
- Chandrayaan-2 rover is a six-wheeled robotic vehicle Pragyan that can travel up to 500 meters and leverages solar energy for its functioning.
- The mission cost of Chandrayaan-2 with regard to the satellite was Rs 603 crore. The cost of GSLV MK III is Rs 375 crore.