The government of India on Thursday announced 27 percent reservation for OBCs and 10 percent reservation for Economically Weaker Section (EWS) in All-India Quota (AIQ) Scheme for undergraduate and postgraduate medical and dental courses (MBBS / MD / MS / Diploma / BDS / MDS) from the current academic year 2021-22 onwards.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi in a meeting held on July 26, 2021, had directed the concerned Union Ministries to facilitate an effective solution to this long pending issue.
This decision would benefit every year nearly 1500 OBC students in MBBS and 2500 OBC students in postgraduation and also around 550 EWS students in MBBS and around 1000 EWS students in postgraduation.
The All India Quota (AIQ) Scheme was introduced in 1986 under the directions of the Supreme Court to provide for domicile-free merit based opportunities to students from any State to aspire to study in a good medical college located in another State.
All India Quota consists of 15 percent of total available UG seats and 50 percent of total available PG seats in government medical colleges. Initially, there was no reservation in AIQ Scheme up to 2007.
When the Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act became effective in 2007 providing for uniform 27 percent reservation to OBCs, the same was implemented in all the Central Educational Institutions viz. Safdarjung Hospital, Lady Harding Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University and Banaras Hindu University etc. However, this was not extended to the AIQ seats of State medical and dental colleges.
The Union Government has now taken a historic decision to provide for 27 percent reservation for OBCs and 10 percent reservation for EWS in the AIQ Scheme.